The Incas built a notable civilization in western
South America in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The center of their
empire was in present-day Cuzco, Peru.
Francisco Pizarro González, marqués de los Atabillos (c. 1471 - 1541) was a
Spanish conquistador, conqueror of the Inca Empire and founder of Lima, La
Ciudad de los Reyes, capital of Peru. Pizarro was born in Trujillo, Extremadura,
At the time Pizarro and his men came, the Incas had already been weakened due to a civil war to figure out which of the two king's sons would become next king. Normally the king would choose which of his sons will become the next king, although unfortunately, the king had died before he could choose who would become the next king. This caused much anger, and started a civil war.
Inca Skull Rewrites History of Conquest
By Marc Kaufman
Washington Post Staff Writer
Wednesday, June 20, 2007;
The 500-year-old skull, found in a long-forgotten Inca cemetery outside Lima, Peru, had two round holes just across from each other. Nearby was a plug of bone, recovered intact, that carried the distinct markings of an old musket ball.
Archaeologists sensed they had unearthed an important find, but it wasn't until months later that a powerful electron microscope scan confirmed it by finding traces of lead in the skull. The victim, who was between 18 and 22 years old when he died, had been shot by a Spanish conquistador.
Researchers find ‘first gun victim’ in Americas
Inca skull believed shot by Spanish Conquistadors in early 1500’s
Satellite image: Google Earth, eye alt. 7,500 ft.