The Incas: Machu Picchu, Cuzco, Inca Trail

Bell of Cuzco Cathedral and Golden Rectangles

Successive Golden Rectangles dividing a Golden Rectangle into squares (Bell of Cuzco Cathedral)

Cuzco Cathedral Bell, Golden Rectangles

Cathedral of Cusco, Bell

The Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin in Cusco, which is also known as 'Cusco Cathedral,' is set on the main square of the Peruvian city, the Plaza de Armas. Building was completed in 1654, almost a hundred years after construction began.

Cusco Cathedral is a Baroque-style cathedral built on the foundations of the palace of the Inca Wirachocha in Cusco. Construction began in 1550, using many stones looted from the site of the hillside Sacsayhuaman fortress. It is considered one of the most splendid Spanish colonial churches in the Americas.

Due to the resentful feelings felt by the conquered Incas towards the Spaniards, the Inca workforce incorporated much of their religious symbolism into the construction of the cathedral, for example, the carved head of a puma (an important god or religious motif found widely through much of ancient Peru) on the cathedral doors.

Maria Angola Bell. The right tower of the cathedral supports the famous 'Maria Angola,' a bell that is 2.15 metres high, and weighs approximately 5980kgs. Cast in 1659, and named, according to local tradition, after an Angolan slave who threw gold into the crucible where the bell was being made. Today, the bell is cracked and is only rung on special occasions, although it has been claimed that it was once heard ringing from over 20 miles away.

Cuzco Cathedral Bell